Indonesia – Turkey Working Group

Indonesia dan Turki Sepakat Tingkatkan Kerjasama Pertanian

Warung Nusantara | Isntanbul Turkey

Original Taste Asian and Indonesian Food at Istanbul
Indonesian Restaurant Zeytinburnu Turkey

Kunjungan Kerja

Kunjungan Kerja Ir. Wisnu Gardjito yang Bertempat di Kantor Dirjen IKM beserta (DR.Euis)

Pameran Karya Bangsa

Beberapa Pameran yang Diikuti Guna Memperkenalkan Produk dan Menambah Wawasan Konsumen akan Komoditas Kelapa dan Kelebihannya.

Program Pelatihan The Green Coco Island

Pelatihan Dilaksanakan di Berbagai Kota dan Kabupaten se-Indonesia, Selain Mengembangkan Usaha, Masyarakat Juga Dapat Menghidupi Keluarga Mereka dari Hasil Pelatihan Tersebut.

The Green Coco Island

Mengenal Lebih Jauh tentang The Green Coco Island.
The Place for Experiencing a Healthy Life.

Kaya dengan Kelapa

Kelapa Merupakan Komoditas Benefit yang dapat Menghasilkan Banyak Keuntungan Serta Berdampak Baik Bagi Kelangsungan Hidup.

Become Sociopreneur, Wisnu Gardjito Determined to Achieve Bio Era

What is sociopreneur ? The phrase comes from the word social and enterpreneur. and it means entrepreneur who runs his/her business not simply thinking of personal benefit, but also thinking to build and to develop the community to be more empowered. Some persons who run this sociopreneur such as Bill Gates.

BILL GATES. He runs his business, Microsoft Inc. to develop a social system. He let the software that has hijacked so that more people use it. Afterward, he did uppgrade easily for the next operating system. If MS Windows 7 is pirated, soon he will be launching a series to 8.

Wisnu Gardjito
And now we have owned a sociopreneur, at The Green Coco Island, i.e  Wisnu Gardjito. Since 1997 he has been active  as a sociopreneur.

Below the interview with SWA Magazine with him......

How you start your business? 

At the beginning I started with creating an SME (small medium enterprise), UD. Sumber Rejeki (trading company). In the beginning it used to make coconut brown sugar soy sauce, with brand Kecap cap Ibu. Subsequently I created the Improvement Institute, a trouble shooting management company. A company with function to solve the problem, to do research, consultancy, human resource development and to design agroindustrial export cluster. UD. Sumber Rejeki then is improved to be CV Sumber Rejeki in year 2014. Since year 2007 the company has been developing the coconut to more than 250 item products and not just ketchup (soy sauce) anymore. Since then Sumber Rejeki trading company becomes an Agro Specialist and Agri Trading. Together CV Sumber Rejeki and the Improvement Institute are active in developing upstream to downstream industry, from production to marketing. They are supported by many partners all around the country to develop what we call it as AEC Corporation (Agroindutrial Export Cluster Corporation) a people's company. So we have finally made many SME business units in groups. These SMEs (UKM) are home industrial based. This forms an Indonesian incorporated.

Green school the agro-industrial life-skill school? 

To empower the young generation to be more competitive and has competency in the agroindustrial sectors, I developed green school. The green school is school to attach with life skill program in processing various agricultural productcs, mainly coconut. SMK students with their teacher are trained to be agroindustrialists.

How many items were produced? 

We've been able to make 250 items. If from coconut, which is in my head already 1600 items. Starting from the energy, food, beverages, cosmetics, health, etc.. This coconut, Indonesia 3.8 million hectares, the largest in the world. No. 2 Philippines, 3.1 ha. India Continues to 1.1 million ha. Unfortunately, Indonesia is not growing. Because coconut is considered a commodity that has no value. In fact, of the 3.8 million hectares that could generate Rp 4,000 trillion a year. If this non-capitalistic developed, but the collective effort where people capitalized, sought access to the technology, the market, it's the second time this year to finance Indonesia, if necessary, even to buy. Due to the state budget of Rp 1,300 trillion, while coconut Rp 4,000 trillion. Brown, was around Rp 2,000 trillion. Continues coffee, rubber, cashew, until there are 25 leading commodity Indonesia. It will generate approximately USD 25 thousand trillion a year. So why do we make theunnecessary business. It is only once the existing one.

How can become huge potential?

So Rp 25 thousand trillion was like what his prosperity of our nation. Well this is becoming my sadness so I came out of the United Nations. At that time I as a national manager in UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization).

Finally, I founded this business in 2007 was really hard. Slowly until the end of the 3rd month of my turnover of USD 100 million a month. If my wife and two of them, Rp 100 million a month, if it can be se-Indonesia like what? Scholars like what IPB, Gajah Mada, UB, Padjadjaran University, etc. unite. The government this release anyway. Honey. The government should take, call, recruit, develop, and this makes us-we like her Indonesian maid. It's that sold to the world wins.

So I say, the prospects for bio-era. Now is not IT anymore. But the bio-era, where people want to go back to nature. Because the Indonesian forest never fertilized, never hit pesticides, and never hit the tractor, so the chance. Should be taken. Never it later China, Germany, or all in, we once again so the audience again.

Outside of our own audience, so the audience in us. This is funny. This is stupid. Only the income generators are taken care of. Revenue that the formula price x quantity. The quantity we are 3.8 million coconut. Now its price how much? If Indonesia is now just shift gears 4000 silver price, what does it mean? 1 coconut means only USD 500 in my hand, one could point to Rp 50 thousand. That revolution income. Now the system is in shambles, even the revolution inconsequential.

Indeed, are you moved to be sociopreneur since the beginning? 

I am not the master himself. Granted that I set up. But that does not mean my majority. The majority of the people. If Indonesian joint venture systems, mutual assistance, no country is able to fight us. It's heaven on earth. So of the 25 commodities that could be USD 25 thousand trillion. It was unbelievable. So the point of the agro-industry, it can produce numbers that much, but the conditions upstream didandanin. Coconut oil do not change, let the people who have. Then there is the technological process, the support of technology, sophisticated human resources, finance, marketing. Well, here new mastered the market. (EVA)

excerpted from swa

Flu Care | Respiration Natural Care from The Green Coco Island | All Respiratory System Disease? Solved !

Flu care is a Natural Cure which can solve the impact of virusses, influenza, and lot of Pathogenic bacteria that can make problem for respiratory system also cures the indications of ISPA (Respiratory Infections) like cough, flu, cold whuch come with the other virusses.

Using Flu Care periodically is going to balancing our body condition from impact of virusses and bacteria that spread freely everywhere. for take care your body, Consume Flu care 2-3 times a day. When infected happens, use Flu Care every 10 minutes. 

Flu Care made 100% from Nature substance that proceed hygienically and safe Bio-Farmations also become world people Trend-Setter which can solve lot of respiratory disease. All natural, not using pain killer medicine that have syntetic form.

Flu care is a drug spray care that very easy to use spray directly into the throat and nostrils while in breathe. MAG contains a powerful laurin and kill a variety of viruses. used to treat various ENT diseases, sinusitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, and mouth sores. safe for all ages including infants.

One product I have tried to use is "Flue Care". Medicinal products which are mixed flue of VCO processing - virgin coconut oil as it has continued to tame 'flu caused by allergies' that i suffer for it. 
I do not know how many ENT doctors would have me go with no small cost to the size of my bag. Their conclusion was "you have allergies. You are exposed to x-rays showed mild sinus. Certainly need therapy. May be allergic to cold air or dust. I recommend while taking medications that I prescribe it, to bask every morning about 1-2 hours until 9 or 10 am. "

And I choose to follow. Every now and then the sun while reading a book or writing. But occasionally also missed because of many reasons. The habit has been going on for several years. Flue it still come and go as they pleased. I just continue to maintain a positive energy to not make any significant problems. 
Certainly not an accident that I finally reunited with coconut experts are very inspiring. Including Flue Care that ultimately heal mild sinus infect. 

Flue Care is very easy to use. Enough with sprayed into the nasal cavity and oral cavity. The price is relatively cheap, only Rp. 30.000, -(at least US$ 3). Compare with prescriptions ENT doctor to hundreds of thousands of dollars. 

Testimonials : Click Here

Product Introductions of The Green Coco Island

Sumber Rejeki trading company (www.sumberrejekitgci.comis developed based on the basic philosophy of Javanese Society that believes in harmony and the balance of life.

Started with producing some health food such as healthy soybean sauce, and then healthcare products, the management of CVSR or Sumber Rejeki Trading Company start to empower the strength of Indonesia Archipelago, i.e. agro-industry.

With support from many scholars of some prominent universities and other institutions, CVSR has involved in the development of agro-based industry guided by Wisnu Gardjito(founder of The Green Coco Island).

The nature of the business is the nuance of improving the added value of prospective agriculture products such as nutmeg, citronella, coconut, and several others. Implementing the indigenous technology yet top notch ones, CVSR continues to develop beneficial products to the society that has been facing difficult time due to the economic crises. With strong motivation of all stakeholders in CVSR and its partners, the effort for improving SMEs in agriculture to be more competitive is done by developing agro-industrial export cluster.

From the green area of Indonesia Archipelago, far from polluted area CVSR has been developing task forces to implement the business plan supported by diligent professors in many universities and experts. Our philosophy is to develop without polluting the environment, both nature and society. So, continuously we empower the society in both side to be more cautious toward what they have done. This including to develop their awareness toward the increase of disadvantageous of the industrial development to the life-style and also to the environment. We bring them to understand that we are producing healthy products to make people healthy.

We believe, a healthy society will bring a healthy and nice life. Therefore, the next step we devote our time is to balance the life between traditional and modern life so that both life-style will empower each other and not to eliminate one to the other.

Now, we are inviting all individuals to strengthen our steps for a better future of the world society….hand in hand. We are member of The Green Coco Island Community (

The Most Popular Products of The Green Coco Island and Sumber Rejeki Trad. CO.













[Complete] Product Catalog July, 19 - 07 (2014)

Company Data Sheet

Sumber Rejeki Trading Company (CV)

Address :
Permata duta e3 no.17
Sukmajaya, depok, west java

Email :

Web :

Management :
Mobile : 0817-9143-201

Business developer : 
The Improvement Institute

Bank :

BNI Syariah Jakarta Selatan  acct. No. 0168528155 (vipie)

The Gardjito | Extra Virgin Coconut Oil (Part 2 Platelet)

Extra VCO can dissolves Platelet.

What is platelet ?

Platelets are the smallest of the many types of cells in circulating blood, averaging only 2.0 to 5.0 μm in diameter, 0.5 μm in thickness, and having a mean cell volume of 6 to 10 femtoliters. Inconsequential size does not bother the platelet. It prefers to remain obscure throughout its 7- to 10-day life span. If it can reach its final destination in the reticuloendothelial system without having exercised a function in hemostasis or been involved in thrombotic events, its life would be considered a complete success. Yet, the life of the host in whom the platelet resides is not easy. Sooner or later, a generation of platelets will be called upon to exercise functions useful or essential for host survival. Unfortunately, platelet function important to host preservation may also contribute to host destruction. Thus, it is important to understand platelet structure, biochemistry, physiology, and pathology to foster normal function and block involvement in occlusive vascular and thrombotic disease. The purpose
of this article is to contribute to these objectives by presenting current knowledge of platelet structure and structural physiology. Occasionally, examples of abnormal platelet structure will be included to assist in the understanding of normal platelet morphology and function.

The Peripheral Zone

a. General Features

The platelet plasma membrane is relatively smooth compared with that of leukocytes in circulating blood, but low-voltage, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy suggested it has a fi ne, rugose appearance, resembling the gyri and sulci on the surface of the brain

The tiny folds may provide additional membrane needed when platelets spread on surfaces. Small openings of the surface
connected open canalicular system (SCCS) are randomly dispersed on the otherwise featureless platelet exterior
Thin sections and whole-mount preparations reveal that the platelet plasma membrane has a thicker exterior coat, or glycocalyx, than other blood cells. The use of cyto-chemical agents, including horse radish peroxidase, ruthenium red, lanthanum nitrate, phosphotungstic acid, and tannic acid have confi rmed this impression. The lipid bilayer of the peripheral zone on which the
glycocalyx rests is a typical unit membrane and does not differ in appearance from the membrane covering other cells. Yet, it serves an extremely important role in the acceleration of clotting ,

a function not shared by other cells in circulating blood. The lipid bilayer is incompressible and cannot stretch. Therefore any contribution to the increased surface area of spread platelets must come from tiny folds on the exposed surface and internalized membrane provided by channels of the open canalicular system (OCS). The submembrane area is also a vital component of the peripheral zone. Under certain conditions, a relatively regular system of thin fi laments resembling actin filaments can be identifi ed. The submembrane filaments have an important role in the shape change and translocation of receptors and particles over the exterior surface of the cell.





Platelet Formation

A. Mechanisms of Platelet Production

Although it has been universally accepted that platelets derive from megakaryocytes, the mechanisms by which platelets form and release from these precursor cells remain controversial. Throughout the years, several models of platelet production have been proposed. These include (a) platelet budding, (b) cytoplasmic fragmentation via the DMS, and (c) proplatelet formation. Past studies attempting
to discriminate between these mechanisms of platelet bio-genesis have been hampered by the requirement of sampling bone marrow to obtain megakaryocytes, the relative infrequency of megakaryocytes in the marrow, and the lack of in vitro systems that faithfully reconstitute platelet formation. However, the discovery of thrombopoietin (TPO), a cytokine that binds to the megakaryocyte-specifi c receptor c-MPL and promotes the growth and development of mega-
karyocyte precursors, has led to the emergence of culture systems that recapitulate platelet biogenesis and resulted in a new understanding of the terminal differentiation phase of thrombopoiesis. Several models of platelet biogenesis are discussed next.


1. Budding from the Megakaryocyte Surface. 
Based on scanning electron micrographs of megakaryocytes with apparent platelet-size blebs on their surface, it was proposed that platelets shed from the periphery of the megakaryocyte cytoplasm. Examination of these structures by thin section electron microscopy, however, revealed that these blebs did not contain platelet organelles, an observation inconsistent with the concept of platelet budding as a mechanism for platelet release. In addition, the platelet buds were probably confused with the pseudopods that extend from mature megakaryocytes during the initial stages of proplate let formation.

2. Cytoplasmic Fragmentation via the Demarcation Membrane System. 
The DMS, described in detail by Yamada in 1957, has been proposed to defi ne preformed
“platelet territories” within the cytoplasm of the megakaryo cyte. Microscopists recognized that maturing megakaryocytes became fi lled with membranes and platelet-specific organelles, and postulated that these membranes formed a system that defi ned territories or fi elds for developing platelets. Release of individual platelets was proposed to occur by a massive fragmentation of the megakaryocyte cytoplasm along DMS fracture lines residing between these fields. The DMS model predicts that platelets form through an extensive internal membrane reorganization process.
Tubular membranes, which may originate from invagination of the megakaryocyte plasma membrane, are predicted to interconnect and branch, forming a continuous network throughout the cytoplasm. The fusion of adjacent tubules has been proposed as a mechanism to generate a fl at membrane that ultimately surrounds the cytoplasm of a putative platelet. Models attempting to use the DMS to explain how the megakaryocyte cytoplasm becomes subdivided into platelet volumes and enveloped by its own membrane have lost support because of several inconsistent observations. For example, if platelets are delineated within the megakaryocyte cytoplasm by the DMS, then platelet fields should
exhibit structural characteristics of platelets, which is not the case. Platelet territories within the megakaryocyte cytoplasm lack marginal microtubule coils, the most characteristic feature of resting platelet structure. In addition, there are no studies directly demonstrating that platelet fields shatter into mature, functional platelets. In contrast, studies that focused on the DMS of
megakaryocytes before and after proplatelet retraction induced by microtubule depolymerizing agents suggest this specialized membrane system may function primarily as a membrane reservoir that evaginates to provide plasma membrane for the growth of proplatelets. Radley and Haller
considered the name DMS to be a misnomer, and suggested invagination membrane system as a more suitable name to describe this membranous network.

3. Proplatelet Formation

a. The Proplatelet Theory. The term proplatelet is generally used to describe long (up to millimeters in length), thin cytoplasmic processes emanating from megakaryocytes. These extensions are typically characterized by multiple platelet-size swellings linked together by thin cytoplasmic bridges and are
thought to represent intermediate structures in the megakaryocyte-to-platelet transition. The
concept of platelets arising from these pseudopodialike structures dates originally to 1906, when Wright recognized that platelets originate from megakaryocytes and described “the detachment of plate-like fragments or segments from pseudopods” of megakaryocytes. Thiery and Bessis, and Behnke, later described in more detail the structure of these cytoplasmic processes extending from megakaryocytes during platelet formation. The classic “pro-platelet theory” was introduced by Becker and DeBruyn, who proposed that megakaryocytes form long pseudopod-like processes that subsequently fragment to generate individual platelets. In this early model, the DMS was still proposed to subdivide the megakaryocyte cytoplasm into platelet areas. Radley and Haller later developed the “flow model,” which postulated that platelets derived exclusively from the interconnected platelet-size beads connected along the shaft of proplatelets, and suggested that the DMS did not function to defi ne platelet fi elds, but as a reservoir of surface membrane to be evaginated during proplatelet formation. Developing platelets were assumed to become encased by plasma membrane only as proplatelets were formed.

The Green Coco Island

Related Links:
The Green Coco Island | Extra Virgin Coconut Oil
The Green Coco Island | Coconut Water
The Green Coco Island | Clinical Use MCT

Part 3 (soon)

Coconut Water | The Most Sterile and Natural Isotonic Drink

The Gardjito
Isotonic Beverage Non-Carbonated
Coconut Water

Also Coconut water isotonic drinks is a pure natural isotonic drink that will rehydrate your body after sport, hardwork, leisure time, or even during your spare time during your hectic day. it refresh your body and mind. Feel and taste this natural product for the sake of your health. It has function of rehydrating, detoxification, and diuretic.

Coconut water is the most sterile and isotonic drink on earth. All ingredients are natural and free of preservatives. Also is better served chilled. The Product is natural and organic product.

Mortin Satin (Chief of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization) : "Coconut water is the very stuff of nature, Biologically Pure, Full of Natural Sugars, Salts, and Vitamins to ward-off fatigue...and is the next wave of energy drinks BUT Natural !"

Also™ is non carbonated coconut water drink. To you that need young coconut water sensation as the thirstquencer and also the world healthy life-style that is getting smarter and aware about the benefit of healthy living, there is no choice except to move to the healthy food and drink, among that is to consume Also™ Coconut Water Isotonic Drink.

The coconut roots are spreading hundreds meters away that will absorb soil nutrients. The rich of nutrients then will be processed to be coconut water as essential mineral and proteins that similar with our blood plasma. For more than 9 months the coconut water and coconut flesh is formed as the most versatile food and drinks on earth that God is preparing for human well-being. Coconut water is so clean, so sterile, so delicious that anybody can drink to make their body healthy because coconut water is isotonic, diurethic, and also as detoxificant.

The coconut water benefit facts are :

· Coconut water is more nutritious compared to whole milk – because it has less fat and do not have cholesterol.
· Coconut water is healthier compared to orange juice – because it has less calorie.
· Coconut water is better than baby instant formula milk  – because coconut water still has lauric acid found in mother breast milk. 
· Coconut water naturally is sterile – coconut water enters to coconut fruit through permeable filter membrane. 
· Coconut water is the source for intravenous use – because coconut water is identical or similar with human blood plasma. 
· Coconut water is an natural isotonic drink – because its ingredients are the same with ingredient in our blood. 

Coconut water has more Potassium i.e approx 294 mg compared to many sport drinks that consist approx only 117 mg. Coconut water has less Sodium, i.e. approx only 25 mg, far less compared to other sport drinks that have 41 mg Sodium and compared to energy drinks that can have Sodium the level up to 200 mg !
Coconut water has more Chloride i.e. 118 mg compared to sport drink that only have  39 mg of Chloride.

The Gardjito | Extra Virgin Coconut Oil (Part 1)

Virgin Coconut Oil is a specific Fatty Acid (MCT - Medium Chain Triglyceride or MCFA - Medium Chain Fatty Acid) that consists of Lauric Acid the most important ingredient for human health.  Virgin Coconut Oil is not a fat, it is oil that will not coagulate in the body.

Extra VCO is VCO that is made through a frozen methode that will produce a fresh nice smell of coconut of the oil. It is processed only in very short time of period that will assure the freshness of the product (

The Gardjito Extra VCO is produced in clusters at remote areas of Indonesia which is organic and clean, some are located in green islands of Indonesia.

Coconut oil and coconut milk is produced from coconut fruit so that is does not contain cholesterol as many believe. It is final that black campaign towards this amazing oil does not work anymore. People are smart now to understand about this miracle oil. It is miracle because this oil maintain human metabolism and protect us from various viral, bacterial, protozoan borne diseases.

Coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is grown in all parts of the tropics and sub tropics. The tree is believed to have originated in the islands of South-east Asia and spread to other parts of the world floating on water or carried by man. Indonesia is the largest coconut tree plantation in the world with its 3.8 million hectares coconut plantation. Coconuts, in the form of extracted coconut oil or as the the whole coconut, fresh or desiccated, have provided an important source of nutrients for people where this fruit tree is grown.

Extra Virgin Coconut Oil consists approximately 49% of its fatty acid as the 12 carbon saturated fatty acid called as lauric acid. Because of its high lauric acid content, coconut oil is used as the source of lauric acid for human which is important for infant formulas. This fatty acid is found in human milk where it plays a very critical role in infant nutrition. Lauric acid has antimicrobial properties and is the precursor to monolaurin, the antimicrobial active lipid. The remaining fatty acid in coconut oil include 8%  caprylic acid, 7% capric acid, 18% myristic acid, 8% palmitic acid, 2% stearic acid, 6% oleic acid, and 2% linoleic acid. The typical tocopherol and tocotrienol content is 5 mg/kg alpha-tocopherol , 6 mg/kg delta-tocopherol, 5 mg/kg alfa-tocotrienol, 1 mg/kg beta-tocotrienol, and 19 mg/kg gamma-tocotrienol for a total of 36 mg/kg.

Coconut oil is also the major source of the fatty acid found in the medium-chain triglycerides oil called MCT oil. MCT oil is approximately 75 percent caprylic acid (C8:0) and 25% capric acid (C10:0). It has been used for special medical formulas during the past several decades .

Health Benefits of Coconut Oil
Coconut oil has been used as a cooking oil for thousands of years, and is still a staple in the diets of many people living in tropical areas today. It was once popular in the United States as well, until shortages of imported oils during WWII created the need to promote local oils like soybean and corn oil. Soon, polyunsaturated fats became the norm in the US; and with it came a rise in obesity, higher cholesterol levels, and degenerative diseases related to aging.

TGCICoconut oil has been shown to reduce the symptoms of digestive disorders, support overall immune functions, and to help prevent bacterial, viral and fungal infections. People who consistently use coconut oil, report changes in their ability to go without eating for several hours without experiencing the effects of hypoglycemia.

Extra Virgin Coconut Oil has tremendous antiviral properties. Lauric Acid makes up 50 to 55 percent of the medium-chain fatty acids in Extra Virgin Coconut Oil. In the body lauric acid converts into monolaurin, a compound which is adept at fighting viral pathogens, and is also present in large quantities in breast milk, where it protects infants from viral, bacterial and parasitic infections. Coconut oil has a unique role in the diet as an important physiologically functional food.

The health and nutritional benefits that can be derived from consuming coconut oil have been recognized in many parts of the world for centuries. A review of the diet/heart disease literature relevant to coconut oil clearly indicates that coconut oil is at worst neutral with respect to atherogenicity of fats and oils and, in fact, is likely to be a beneficial oil for prevention and treatment of some heart disease.
Additionally, coconut oil provides a source of antimicrobial lipid for individuals with compromised immune systems and is a non-promoting fat with respect to chemical carcinogenesis.

The Green Coco Island

Related Links :
The Green Coco Island | MCT (Medium Chain Triglyceride)
The Green Coco Island | Part II
The Green Coco Island | Coconut Water

Clinical Use of Coconut Oil Source of MCT (Medium Chain Triglyceride)

What is MCT (Medium Chain Triglyceride) ? MCTs are made up of a mixture of C6:0, C8:0, C10:0 and C12:0 medium chain fatty acids (MCFAa) obtained by the hydrolysis of Coconut Oil followed by the fractionation of the fatty acids.

The MCFAs are esterified with glycerol with or without a catalyst to form the triacylglycerols. The melting point of the MCFAs is much lower (C8:0 at 16.7 oC, C10:0 at 31.3 oC) than that of the longer-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) (C16:0 at 63.1 oC). Thus MCFAs, but also Medium-Chain Triacylglycerols are liquid at room temperature.

Thus MCFAs, but also Medium chain triacylglycerol, are liquid at room tempertaure. By virtue of their smaller molecular size MCFA are relatively soluble in water : the water solubility at 20 oC is 68 mg/100 ml for C8:0 versus 0.72 mg for C16:0. The fact that MCFA are weak electrolity and are highly ionic at neutral pH, increases even more their solubility in biological fluid.

As we shall see, the greater water solubility and the smaller molecular size of the MCFAs have consequences in all level of their metabolism.

The products of MCTs hydrolysis are absorbed faster than those of LCTs, and as fast as glucose (7). Since their intraluminal hydrolysis is rapid and relatively complete, the MCTs - unlike LCTs - are absorbed mainly as free fatty acids, and only rarely as monodiacylglycerols (Fig 1). In cases where bile salts or pancreatic lipase deficiency or both occur (8), a large fraction of MCTs can be absorbed as triacylycerols, whereas LCTs cannot be absorbed. In enterocytes, these MCTs are then hydrolyzed by an intestinal lipase.

In the mocusa, LCFA are converted into acyl-CoAs in the presence of an acyl-CoA synthetase. The acyl-CoAs are then incorporated into triacylglycerols, which are a major component of chylomicrons. Since this enzyme is specific for fatty acids with more than 12 carbon atoms, the MCFAs are not significantly incorporated into cylomicrons; therefore, MCFAs leave the intestine faster than the LCFAs. The tendency of fatty acids to be esterified is directly proportional to their ability to bind to fatty-acid-binding protein (9,10). MCFAs are not easily bound to this protein and are not easily esterified, while LCFAs are easily bound to this protein  and incorporated abundantly into lipids.
MCFAs follow the portal venous system (Fig 1), whereas LCFAs follow the lymphatic system. Thus, MCTs do not stimulate the flow of lymph, while LCTs stimulate it significantly. The LCFas are transported as chylomicrons, which are insoluble particles. The MCFas, however, are transported in the soluble form of fatty acids, bound to serum albumin. This bond between MCFAs and albumin, however, is not as easily formed as that between LCFAs and albumin (11).
Because MCFAs leave the intestinal mucosa by the portal venous system, they reach the liver more rapidly then the longer molucules. The latter move via the extrahepatic tissues, where they may be partially retained. Thus, MCFAs reach the liver in greater abundance than do exogenous LCFAs. The majority of the MCFAs is retained in the liver, and only a small amount appears in the peripheral blood for a short periode of time

When LCTs and MCTs are ingested simultaneously, the latter partially inhibit the absorption of the former. Nevertheless, the total number of calories absorbed in this situation is greater than the caloeries absorbed when either fat is ingested alone (12.)

The mode of transport of MCFAs result in reduce sterol absorption (13). To be absorbed, sterols must be incorporated into micelles; and to be transported they must be bound to LCFAs, and incorporated into chylomicrons (14). These two processes do not take place with MCFAs and consequenty the absorption of sterols is diminished.

The absorption of calcium (15) and magnesium appears to be enhanced when the diet contains MCTs, particularly in infants (16). The absorption of amino acids also appears to be improved (17, 18).

The Green Coco Island

Related Links :
The Green Coco Island | Extra Virgin Coconut Oil
The Green Coco Island | Part II
The Green Coco Island | Coconut Water

Spirulina Marshmallow | Dr. Ir. Wini Trilaksani, M.Sc.

Dr. Ir. Wini Trilaksani, M.Sc. 
Who does not like to eat a kind of soft candy marshmallow? But concerned with gelatin and dye it? Take it easy, now being developed with the marshmallow mixture of microalgae, Spirulina sp. 

Soft candy has many outstanding and loved by the public, because it is cheap, practical, and has a variety of flavors. Marshmallow is one type of candy (soft candy) which has a texture like soft foam, soft, chewy in the various forms of aroma, flavor and color. 

"The marshmallow was melted due to a mixture of sugar or corn syrup, glaire, gelatin and flavoring ingredients are whipped until fluffy. The texture of the chewy candy, usually determined by a mixture of fat, gelatine, emulsifiers, and other additives, "said researchers from the Fishery Product Technology Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Wini Trilaksani who developed the marshmallow mixture of Spirulina.

Marshmallow spirulina

Presented by Wini, marshmallows development is based on the concerns the use of non-kosher gelatin. Moreover, Indonesia's import dependence gelatin from other countries. Though soft candy industry or cosmetic ingredients using gelatin are more abundant in Indonesia.

"Gelatin itself can be obtained from cows or pigs. Well, this is the material from which it is feared swine halal for Muslims who consume them. Yet besides the two animals, fish can also be used to extract of gelatin, "said Wini. 

More About  Dr. Ir. Wini Trilaksani, M.Sc.

Download availible Research : 


The Green Coco Island

Related Links:
The Green Coco Island | Indonesia will be The King of Cocoa Market
The Green Coco Island | Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
The Green Coco Island | World Center of Study Swamps Project
The Green Coco Island | The World Water Day
The Green Coco Island | Asian and Indonesian Food Stall in the Land of Europe
The Green Coco Island | Penandatanganan MoU
The Green Coco Island | Zero Runoff System (ZROS)
The Green Coco Island | Tea For Revitalization
The Green Coco Island | Leader Profile of Sungei Putih Research Center
The Green Coco Island | Riset Perkebunan Nusantara
The Green Coco Island | Manusia Rawa
The Green Coco Island | Biovillage Concept
The Green Coco Island | Kelapa dan Produktifitas

Indonesia will be The King of Cocoa Market? | Ir. Suryo Wardani, M.P.

Ir. Suryo Wardani, M.P. (right)
Political turmoil in the state of Ivory Coast cocoa farmers an opportunity for Indonesia to boost revenue. Therefore, farmers need to improve the production and quality of cocoa appropriate national and international standards.

Lately a lot operators cocoa industry from European and American glanced Indonesian cocoa. For that, the government should enable the production of cocoa farmers in order to meet the expectations of buyers and quality standards.

This is expressed Head Field Research Center Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Suryo Wardani to Compass in Jember, East Java, on Thursday (28/07/2011). "As the world's second largest cocoa producer after Ivory Coast, Indonesia should be able to take advantage of this market," said Suryo Wardhani.

For two years, 2009-2010, the Coffee and Cocoa Research Center Indonersia disbursed 36 million planlet clonal cocoa to support the national movement program production and quality improvement of cocoa.

Suryo said Indonesian cocoa production has experienced a huge leap to be able to overtake Ghana. Indonesia's cocoa production of 800,000 dry tons per year. As Ivory Coast persists in the first sequence with production 1.1 million to 1.2 million tons.

Ivorian political situation now less conducive, owner of the world cocoa industry began eyeing other countries, including Indonesia. This should be perceived as an opportunity for market development and improvement of national cocoa production.

World cocoa demand will continue to rise while the setup does not shift up. Now many farmers to expand acreage berswadaya cocoa crop prospects for the future are very good.

Most cocoa-producing region in Indonesia only in four provinces, namely West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi which controls 70 percent of national production. "There are still many areas yet to take advantage of these opportunities, such as East Kalimantan and several other areas," said Suryo Wardhani.

It acknowledges, quality is determined by the behavior of cocoa farmers. If farmers are willing to add time to mefermentasi cocoa, then there will be the added Rp 5,000 per kilogram. Fermented dry cocoa prices without Rp 20,000 per kilogram and large plantation company selling cocoa fermentation Rp 25,000 per kilogram.

"Cocoa fermentation can improve the taste and aroma of cocoa. Americans want to buy cocoa that has not been fermented, Europe precisely select fermented cocoa,"


Find Ir. Suryo Wardani, M.P. at:
Coffe and Cocoa Research Center of Indonesia
PT Riset Perkebunan Nusantara

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Zero Runoff System (ZROS) Reduce the Risk of Flooding Nationwide | Prof. Dr.Ir. Budi Indra Setiawan, M.Agr.

Flooding has become a matter of routine every year that hit Jakarta and other cities in Indonesia. But until now there has been no solution seems appropriate to accomplish the disaster. The cause of flooding in an area which is usually due to high intensity rainfall are not able to be driven through the existing drainage channels. 

Besides flooding can also occur due to the high growing waterlogging with water inflows from upstream areas and the limited ability of the soil to absorb water into the ground. According to Prof. Indra Budi Setiawan of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty of Agricultural Technology (Fateta), Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), said that the flood prevention in the region requires a systematic and integrated planning based on the accuracy of data that must be taken into account. This was stated by Prof. Budi in a discussion with reporters related Environment Day on Campus IPB Dramaga, Wednesday (4/6). Furthermore he said, measures to prevent flooding also not enough to just do in a flood area, but also have to reach out to all the contributing factors. Drainage system and network capacity both in urban and residential should be designed and constructed to anticipate the likelihood of occurrence of daily rainfall, maximum for a longer return period, say 5 to 10 years.

In an effort to reduce the risk of flooding nationwide, Prof. Budi Indra Setiawan of the Bogor Institute of Agriculture (IPB) in West Java trumpeted on Thursday the benefits of the Zero Runoff System (ZROS). Budi said the use of ZROS would help minimize flooding in problematic areas by eliminating puddles of water on roads as soon as the rain stopped.

He added that the system would have three features: reducing the upstream flow of water, increasing the absorption rate of soil, and preventing surface water runoff.

“Essentially, in ZROS, water lines will be constructed on a particular road in such a way that the soil will be able to absorb puddles of rainwater on the street,” he said, adding that the water lines would be constructed according to the area’s water density.

Budi, who is a professor in the institute’s civil and environmental engineering department, said that ZROS was founded in 2008, and had been successfully installed in several areas around the country. He cited a star fruit plantation in Depok, West Java, as a particularly encouraging success story. There, installation of the ZROS system not only stopped flooding during the rainy season, it also increased crop yields because the soil was kept damp during the autumn months.

ZROS has been successfully installed in other locations, including at a nutmeg plantation in Aceh, and in the Cidanau watershed in Banten, West Java — an area inhabited by hundreds of residents. Budi said that ZROS should be installed in many areas as part of the solution to fight persistent flooding.

“We are currently planning to install ZROS at the IPB’s Darmaga campus, an area that suffers from problematic surface water runoff,” Budi said. In Jakarta, Budi said that flash flooding occurred because most of the city’s drainage system had not been constructed to accommodate heavy rains. Infrastructure deficiencies have thus generated “multidimensional problems”, he said, all of which required immediate attention.

“We hope that developers and construction firms will take advantage of ZROS,” he added.

Budi said that ZROS would be a much cheaper and speedier alternative to the construction of reservoirs. He pointed to the protracted effort at the Ciawi Reservoir in Bogor, West Java, as an example, where a host of obstacles, including land acquisition disputes, have hampered completion.

“Constructing ZROS is not expensive [compared to a reservoir]. It also doesn’t require large-scale land acquisitions. All it needs is a commitment from the government to socialize the concept to citizens,” Budi said, adding that ZROS could save the government money. In addition, he said, the system would mitigate the effects of drought in places like eastern Indonesia by helping to keep the soil moist. 

Related Link :

Prof.. Dr.. Ir. Indra Budi Setiawan, M. Agr.
Bio : Prof.. Dr.. Ir. Indra Budi Setiawan, M. Agr. born in Tasikmalaya, June 28, 1960. entire primary and secondary education in the town of Tasikmalaya his journey, precisely at SDN 2 Nagarasari, SMP 1, and SMAN 2. In 1983 he earned a Bachelor of Agricultural Engineering, IPB. Further education (S-2 and S-3)​​, his journey at the University of Tokyo in the field of Biological and Environmental Engineering. Various structural department was his nursemaid as Head of Graduate Studies Program technicalities of Agricultural Sciences, Research Coordinator. Application of Technical Knowledge Center for Tropical Agriculture, the Research, and Assistant to the Assistant Rector IV. He also regularly attend various meetings such as seminars, workshops, or symposia, both national and international scale.

Research Download : 
Enhanced Water Use Efficiency by Intermittent Irrigation for Irrigated Rice in Indonesia
Sustainable Biomass Production

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The Green Coco Island | Indonesia will be The King of Cocoa Market
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The Green Coco Island | The World Water Day
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The Green Coco Island | Manusia Rawa
The Green Coco Island | Biovillage Concept
The Green Coco Island | Kelapa dan Produktifitas